Korean Terminology

Below is a list of Korean Terminology, however please check out the Peewee, Coloured and Black Belt tabs for terminology that applies to the patterns through the grades.



Meaning of Taekwon-Do
Foot / Fist Way of life


Founder of Taekwon-Do
Taekwon-Do was founded by General Choi Hong Hi.


President of the Unified International Taekwon-Do Federation
The President is Grandmaster Hwang Kwang Sung (9th Degree)


Head of Global Taekwon-Do United Kingdom
Grand Master R Oldham (9th Degree).



Attention Charyot
Bow Kyong Ye

Ready Junbi
Start Sijak
Relax Swiyo
Stop Goman
Stop, Back to Junbi Baro
In your own time Kuryong Op She
Left Wen
Right Orun


Training suit Dobok

Top Jeogori
Trousers Baji
Belt Ti


Tenets of TaeKwon Do Jungshin

Courtesy Ye Ui
Integrity Yom Chi
Perseverance In Nae
Self Control Guk Gi
Indomitable Spirit Beakjul Boolgool



Student Je Ja
Assistant Instructor Boo Sabum
Instructor Sabum
International Instructor Guk Jae Sabum
Master Sahyung

GrandMaster Saseong

President & Founder Chong Gae Nim Gae
Nim Gae after the title indicates that the person is an Instructor to you. For Example, the GTUK will address Grand Master Oldham as Saseong Nim Gae, as he is our Grand Master.


Body section

High Nopunde
Middle Kaunde
Low Najunde



One Hana
Two Dool
Three Set
Four Net
Five Tasut
Six Yasut
Seven Ilgop
Eight Yadul
Nine Ahop
Ten Yul


Sparring (Matsogi)

3 step Sambo Matsogi
2 step Ibo Matsogi
1 Step Ilbo Matsogi
Free Jayoo Matsogi
1 Step Free Ilbo Jayoo Matsogi
Foot Sparring Bal Matsogi
Model Sparring Mobum Matsogi
Black belt demo Sibum Matsogi
Self Defence Hosin Sul
Release from Grab Jappyosul Tae


Stances (Sogi)

Attention Stance Charyot Sogi
Parallel Ready Stance Narani Junbi Sogi (usually shortened to ‘Junbi’)
Walking Stance Gunnun Sogi
L Stance Niunja Sogi
Sitting Stance Annun Sogi
Close Stance Moa Sogi
Fixed Stance Gojung Sogi
Diagonal Stance Sasun Sogi
Crouched Stance Oguryo Sogi
X Stance Kyocha Sogi
One Leg Waebal Sogi
Bending Guburyo Sogi
Vertical Soojik Sogi
Rear Foot Stance Dwitbal Sogi
Low Stance Nachuo Sogi
Warrior Stance Moosa Sogi


Kicks (Chagi)

Front Kick Ap Chagi
Side Kick Yop Chagi
Turning Kick Dollyo Chagi
Side Piercing Kick Yop Cha Jirugi
Side Thrusting Kick Yop Cha Tulgi
Back Piercing Kick Dwitcha Jirugi
Front Snap Kick Apcha Busigi
Stamping Kick Cha Bapgi
Downward Kick Naeryo Chagi
Reverse Turning Kick Bandae Dollyo Chagi
Reverse Hooking Kick Bandae Dollyo Goro Chagi
Twisting Kick Bituro Chagi
Vertical Kick Sewo Chagi
Flying Kick Twimyo Chagi
Flying Front Kick Twimyo Ap Chagi
Flying Turning Kick Twimyo Dollyo Chagi
Flying Reverse Turning Kick Twimyo Bandae Dollyo Chagi
Flying Side Piercing Kick Twimyo Yop Cha Jirugi
Flying Side Thrusting Kick Twimyo Yop Cha Tulgi
Flying High Kick Twimyo Nopi Chagi
Flying Twisting Kick Twimyo Bituro Chagi
Rising Kick Cha Oligi
Front Rising Kick Ap Cha Oligi
Side Rising Kick Yop Cha Oligi
Inward Crescent Kick Anuro Bandal Chagi
Outward Crescent Kick Bakuro Bandal Chagi
Checking Kick Cha Mumchugi
Hooking Kick Golcha Chagi
Sweeping Kick Suroh Chagi


Hand Parts (Sang Bansin)

Forefist Ap Joomuk
Back Fist Dung Joomuk
Side Fist Yop Joomuk
Under Fist Mit Joomuk
Long Fist Ghin Joomuk
Open Fist Pyun Joomuk
Palm Sonbadak
Knuckle Fist Songarak Joomuk
Mid Knuckle Fist Joongi Joomuk
Fore Knuckle Fist Inji Joomuk
Thumb Knuckle Fist Umji Joomuk
Knife Hand Sonkal
Reverse Knife Hand Sonkal Dung
Fingertips Sonkut
Flat Fingertip Opun Sonkut
Straight Fingertip Sun Sonkut
Upset Fingertip Dwijibum Sonkut
Angle Fingertip Homi Sonkut
Thumb Umji
Forefinger Han Songarak
Double Fingertip Doo Songarak
Arc Hand Bandalson
Backhand Sondung
Forearm Palmok
Inner Forearm An Palmok
Outer Forearm Backat Palmok
Under Forearm Mit Palmok
Back Forearm Dung Palmok
Elbow Palkup
Finger Pincers Jipge Son
Base of Knife Hand Sonkal Batang
Press Finger Jiap
Bear Hand Gomson
Bow Wrist Sonmok Dung
Finger Belly Songarak Badak
Thumb Ridge Umji Batang


Foot Parts (Ha Bansin)

Ball Of Foot Ap Kumchi
Footsword Balkal
Back Sole Dwitkumchi
Knee Moorup
Back Heel Dwichook
Instep Baldung
Side Instep Yop Baldung
Reverse Footsword Balkal Dung
Side Sole Yop Bal Badak
Toes Balkut
Outer Ankle Joint Bakat Balmok Gwanjol
Inner Ankle Joint An Balmok Gwanjol


Miscellaneous Parts (Gita Boowi)

Head Mori
Forehead Ima
Back of Head Hudoo
Shoulder Euhke
Tibia Kyong Gol
Inner Tibia An Kyong Gol
Outer Tibia Bakkat Kyong Gol
Back Tibia Dwit Kyong Gol
Shin Jong Kwaeng-I


Club Locations:

Stamford GTUK TaeKwon Do
Casterton College 

Ryhall Rd

Great Casterton 




Oakham GTUK TaeKwon Do

Active Rutland Hub,

Oakham Enterprise Park,

Ashwell Road
LE15 7TU


Tel: 07771 865373


Click for training times

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or email: enquiries@tkdclasses.co.uk


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